The Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI) is the apex government body, set up under an Act of Parliament, to regulate training programmes and courses targeted at disabled, disadvantaged, and special education requirement communities. It is the only statutory council in India that is required to maintain the Central Rehabilitation Register which mainly documents details of all qualified professionals who operate and deliver training and educational programmes for the targeted communities. In the year 2000, the Rehabilitation Council of India (Amendment) Act, 2000, was introduced and notified consequently by the government of India. The amendment brought definitions and discussions provided within the earlier Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992, under the ambit of a larger act, namely, Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.
The Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI) was set up as a registered society in 1986. On September, 1992 the RCI Act was enacted by Parliament and it became a Statutory Body on 22 June 1993. The Act was amended by Parliament in 2000 to make it more broadbased. The mandate given to RCI is to regulate and monitor services given to persons with disability, to standardise syllabi and to maintain a Central Rehabilitation Register of all qualified professionals and personnel working in the field of Rehabilitation and Special Education. The Act also prescribes punitive action against unqualified persons delivering services to persons with disability.
As per RCI, the following categories of professionals can apply for RCI’s accreditation process. (To apply, the requirement is specifically that the professionals be providing services targeted towards communities for which RCI has been set up) :
- Prosthetists and Orthotists
- Audiologists and Speech Therapists
- Clinical Psychologists
- Rehabilitation Counsellors, Administrators
- Rehabilitation Workshop Managers
- Rehabilitation Psychologists
- Rehabilitation Social Workers
- Rehabilitation Practitioners in Mental Retardation
- Speech Pathologists
- Special Teachers for Educating and Training the Handicapped
- Vocational Counsellors, Employment Officers and Placement Officers
- Multi-purpose Rehabilitation Therapists, Technicians
- Orientation and Mobility Specialists
- Community Based Rehabilitation Professionals
- Hearing and Ear Mould Technicians
- Rehabilitation Engineers and Technicians
The council has reportedly registered around 12,000 such professionals across India.